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Volcanoes/Earthquakes - Ms. Giblin and Ms. Steed - 8th Grade Science  

Define the problems that may be caused by a catastrophic event resulting from plate movements and design possible devices or solutions to minimize the effects of that event on Earth’s surface and/or human structures.
Last Updated: Aug 27, 2017 URL: http://chandler.greenville.libguides.com/disasters Print Guide

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8.E.5B.3 Define the problems that may be caused by a catastrophic event resulting from plate movements and design possible devices or solutions to minimize the effects of that event on Earth’s surface and/or human structures.

 

 

Volcano/Earthquake Assignment

Question: What problems are caused by catastrophic events and how can we minimize the effects on human structures?
The Problem: What are some solutions for minimizing the effects of earthquakes/volcanoes on buildings? Death/injuries of humans?
Use the following questions to guide your research (make sure you answer all of the questions):
Earthquakes:
  1. What is an earthquake?
  2. What causes earthquakes?
  3. Where are earthquakes likely to happen?
  4. What are the effects of earthquakes on people?
  5. What are the problems associated with earthquakes?
  6. How did they affect some ancient civilizations?
  7. What current cities are vulnerable to earthquakes?
  8. What happens to buildings when they are exposed to sudden lateral forces produced by seismic waves?
  9. How can buildings be protected against the effects of earthquakes?
Volcanoes:
  1. What are volcanoes?
  2. What causes volcanoes?
  3. Where are volcanoes likely to happen?
  4. What are the problems associated with volcanoes?
  5. How can a volcano affect a local area?
  6. How can volcanoes affect the global climate? Economy?
  7. How can we minimize the effects of volcanoes? Warning systems? Buildings?
Pick one volcano of interest and one earthquake of interest and research it.
  1. Where did it happen?
  2. When did it happen?
  3. How many people died?
  4. What were the long-term effects of it?
  5. What were the global effects (climate, weather, economy)?
  6. For the earthquake, what was the magnitude?
Volcanoes of Interest:
Mount Pinatubo in Philippines (1991-1996)
Rabaul in Papua New Guinea (1994)
Lake Nyos in Cameroon (1986)
Nevado del Ruiz in Columbia (1985)
El Chichon in Mexico (1982)
Mount St. Helens (1980)
Mount Tambora (1815)
Earthquakes of Interest
Great San Francisco Earthquake (1906)
Loma Prieta Earthquake (1989)
Kobe, Japan Earthquake (1995)
Northridge Earthquake (1994)
Charleston, SC Earthquake (1886)
Haiti Earthquake (2010)
Indian Ocean Earthquake (2004)
Your Task:
You are now tasked with coming up with a way to prepare for an earthquake or volcano. You need to let people know what they need to do to be prepared if one occurs nearby. You can choose one of the following ways to convey this information:
  • Public Service Announcement
  • Newspaper Article
  • Commercial
In your information, you need to include the following:
  • What they are preparing for (earthquake or volcano) and what affects this catastrophe could have
  • What they need to have in an emergency kit
  • How they can retrofit their homes/businesses/buildings to withstand the catastrophe

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